Pablo Picasso Biography

Pablo Picasso

Spanish

1881-1973

Biography

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), painter, printmaker, sculptor and ceramist, was born in coastal Malaga in southern Spain. His family relocated first to La Coruna and then to Barcelona in 1895. Picasso studied at La Llonja Art Institute between 1896 and 1897 and studied briefly at the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid in 1897. Picasso maintained his first studio in Barcelona in 1896. He first visited Paris in 1900, sharing a studio with Carlos Casagemas, and moved there in 1904.

Picasso is undoubtedly one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, and, according to Konstantin Bazarov, he has often been compared with Stravinsky as one of the great chameleons of the 20th century, each reacting to the crisis of expression in modern art by constantly exploring, thus passing through a whole series of phases of creative activity.

His concern was always one of expression and his first successes with a personal style were with his paintings of his Blue and Pink periods. Picasso became profoundly interested in African masks and sculpture, not only because to their superficial power but because they were striving to represent the instincts and emotions of an unseen world. He extracted elements from these cultures and incorporated them into his own mode of expression and his oil Demoiselles d'Avignon ushered in Cubism. Picasso worked in the cubist style for five years but his evolution as a painter led him to Neoclassicism.

Picasso made his first etching in 1904. He was extraordinary productive, creating almost 1400 original prints, working in etching, lithography and linoleum.