Refugees by Max Pollak

Refugees by Max Pollak

Refugees

Max Pollak

Please call us at 707-546-7352 or email artannex@aol.com to purchase this item.
Title

Refugees

 
Artist

Max Pollak

  1886 - 1970 (biography)
Year
1915  
Technique
drypoint 
Image Size
6 9/16 x 7" platemark 
Signature
pencil, lower right 
Edition Size
not stated; presumed small 
Annotations
pencil titled, lower right; annotated "Friedl Collec" and bearing the red Friedl Pollak Collection stamp in lower left sheet corner; stamped on verso, "Made in Austria" 
Reference
 
Paper
sturdy ivory wove 
State
published 
Publisher
artist 
Inventory ID
24013 
Price
Price On Request 
Description

During World War I, Pollak was an official painter for the Austrian army. He was ordered to paint propaganda war pictures. "But I didn't," he explained. "I painted the horrors of war--the ruined cities, the wounded women and children." This infuriated his superior officers, and he was sent to the front as punishment.

From the spring of 1915, the Austro-Hungarian Empire found itself fighting on three distinct fronts: Russia, Serbia, and Italy. The majority of the border regions were therefore absorbed into the so-called “war zone.” Moreover, between 1914 and 1915, vast portions of Habsburg territory had been invaded. The population was on the move.

A refugee barracks that housed around 4000 Galician Jews was established in Nikolsburg (Mikulov), Moravia in poor conditions that included an epidemic of measles. As an "official" government artist Pollak had free access to the camp and, in 1914/15, recorded it in a series of small drypoints, which were published in 1915 in a portfolio titled Im Barackenlager Nikolsburg (In the Barrack Camp at Nikolsburg). Other images from the same time not included in the portfolio further illustrate the impact it had on Pollak, who was Jewish himself. In this image he depicts four elderly men, seated together, talking and waiting.

 

Please call us at 707-546-7352 or email artannex@aol.com to purchase this item.