"Marode" (Ailing) by Max Pollak

Marode (Ailing) by Max Pollak

"Marode" (Ailing)

Max Pollak

Title

"Marode" (Ailing)

 
Artist

Max Pollak

  1886 - 1970 (biography)
Year
c. 1917 /18 
Technique
drypoint 
Image Size
3 7/8 x 9"" platemark 
Signature
pencil, lower right 
Edition Size
not stated; presumed small 
Annotations
pencil titled, lower right; Friedl Pollak Collection stamp in lower left sheet corner; stamped on verso, "Made in Austria" 
Reference
 
Paper
thin ivory wove 
State
published 
Publisher
artist 
Inventory ID
22619 
Price
$300.00 
Description

The German word "Marode" refers to a state of dilapidation or ramshackleness, or feeling worn out or ill. The title "Sick Soldiers" is found among checklists of Pollak's work; this may be the alternative title of this piece. Four ailing soldiers march dejectedly in single file, no masks, exhausted.

During World War I, Pollak was an official painter for the Austrian army. He was ordered to paint propaganda war pictures. "But I didn't," he explained. "I painted the horrors of war--the ruined cities, the wounded women and children." Unfortunately, this infuriated his superior officers, and he was sent to the front as punishment.

WWI produced many horrors, one of them being the spread of the Spanish Flu Pandemic, which ultimately led to between 20 to 50 million deaths around the world between 1918 and 1919, which had a total population that numbered about 25% of 2020. Soldiers were exposed to the virus and brought it back to their home nations.

Another lesson from the past.

 

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