Im Flüchtlingslager Nicolsburg: "Weib und Kinder" (Group of Refugees) by Max Pollak

Im Flüchtlingslager Nicolsburg: Weib und Kinder (Group of Refugees) by Max Pollak

Im Flüchtlingslager Nicolsburg: "Weib und Kinder" (Group of Refugees)

Max Pollak

Title

Im Flüchtlingslager Nicolsburg: "Weib und Kinder" (Group of Refugees)

 
Artist

Max Pollak

  1886 - 1970 (biography)
Year
1914 /15 
Technique
drypoint 
Image Size
3 11/16 x 5 7/16" platemark 
Signature
pencil, lower right 
Edition Size
33 of 75  
Annotations
pencil titled, lower margin; red F.P.C. (Friedl Pollak Collection) stamp in lower left sheet corner. 
Reference
 
Paper
buff wove hemp based paper. 
State
published 
Publisher
Kunstverlag Hugo Heller, Vienna, Austria. 
Inventory ID
22689 
Price
Price On Request 
Description

From the spring of 1915, the Austro-Hungarian Empire found itself fighting on three distinct fronts: Ru>ssia, Serbia and Italy. The majority of the border regions were therefore absorbed into the so-called “war zone”. Moreover, between 1914 and 1915, vast portions of Habsburg territory had been invaded. The population was on the move.

A refugee barracks that housed around 4000 Galactian Jews was established in Nicolsburg, Moravia in poor conditions that included an epidemic of measles. As an "official" government was artist Pollak had free access to the camp and, in 1914, recorded it in a series of small drypoints which were published in 1915 in a portfolio titled "Im Baraklager Nicolsburg" (In the Barrack Camp at Nicolsburg).

This image is of a group refugees in a barracks. They sit in the dark, each wrapped in their own thoughts and fears.