Lost and Legendary Cities: the Seven Cities of Cibola by Roger D. "Charlie" Lyons

Lost and Legendary Cities: the Seven Cities of Cibola by Roger D. Charlie Lyons

Lost and Legendary Cities: the Seven Cities of Cibola

Roger D. "Charlie" Lyons

Title

Lost and Legendary Cities: the Seven Cities of Cibola

 
Artist
Year
c. 1985  
Technique
woodcut with hand-applied color 
Image Size
10 7/8 x 22 11/16" image size 
Signature
pencil, lower right 
Edition Size
4 of 70  
Annotations
pencil titled and editioned 
Reference
 
Paper
soft, fibrous laid 
State
published 
Publisher
artist 
Inventory ID
21887 
Price
$400.00 
Description
In the 16th century, the Spaniards in New Spain (now Mexico) began to hear rumors of "Seven Cities of Gold" called "Cíbola" located across the desert, hundreds of miles to the north. The stories may have their root in an earlier Portuguese legend about seven cities founded on the island of Antillia by a Catholic expedition in the 8th century, or one based on the capture of Merida, Spain by the Moors in 1150. The later Spanish tales were largely caused by reports given by the four shipwrecked survivors of the failed Narváez expedition, which included Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and a black moorish slave named Esteban Dorantes, or Estevanico. Eventually returning to New Spain, the adventurers said they had heard stories from natives about cities with great and limitless riches. However, when conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado finally arrived at Cíbola in 1540, he discovered that the stories were unfounded and that there were, in fact, no treasures as the friar had described — only adobe towns. While among the towns, Coronado heard an additional rumor from a native he called "the Turk" that there was a city with plenty of gold called Quivira located on the other side of the great plains. However, when at last he reached this place (variously conjectured to be in modern Kansas, Nebraska or Missouri), he found little more than straw-thatched villages. (Wikipedia)