Longshoremen (Longshore Men) by James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Longshoremen (Longshore Men) by James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Longshoremen (Longshore Men)

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Title

Longshoremen (Longshore Men)

 
Artist
Year
1859  
Technique
etching and drypoint 
Image Size
6 x 8 15/16" platemark 
Signature
pencil signed with butterfly, lower right margin; signed in plate, "Whistler", lower right. 
Edition Size
37 known impressions, 5 located pencil signed 
Annotations
dated "1859" within plate, lower right. In pencil on verso: "a 34644 W43" and "#4"??? 
Reference
Glasgow 52; Kennedy 45; Mansfield 44; Thomas 5; Wedmore 43 
Paper
antique-white laid with unidentified watermark 
State
iii/iv, before the vertical scratches were removed from the hat and face of the pipe smoker at the back. 
Publisher
artist 
Inventory ID
20050 
Price
$6,000.00 
Description

A rare impression of this etching, in the third state of four, annotated with the pencil "butterfly" signature and "imp", indicating that Whistler printed this impression himself.

The 'Whistler Etchings Project' at the Univesity of Glasgow notes the following: "Whistler made over thirty etchings in 1859, including many scenes on and by the river Thames in London, such as Thames Warehouses [46], Old Westminster Bridge [47], Limehouse [48], Black Lion Wharf [54], The Pool [49], Eagle Wharf [50], Thames Police [53], W. Jones, Lime-Burner, Thames Street [55] and Billingsgate [51]...

It is most likely that it was drawn in an inn or public house, or in a local 'ordinary' (a cheap restaurant) in the Rotherhithe or Wapping area, where Whistler was working on the 'Thames set' etchings. Rotherhithe [70] shows such a pub, the 'Angel' in Cherry Gardens, Rotherhithe.

'[Whistler] stayed for months at Wapping, to be near his subjects, ... Mr Ionides recalls long drives, down by the Tower and the London Docks to get to the place, as out of the way now as then. He says Whistler lived in a little inn, rather rough, frequented by skippers and bargees, close to Wapping steamboat pier....

"When his friends came," Mr Armstrong writes us, "they dined at an ordinary there used to be (sic). People who had business at the wharves in the neighbourhood dined there, and Jimmie's descriptions of the company were always humorous." Mr Ionides drove down once for a dinner-party Whistler gave at his inn: "The landlord and several bargee guests were invited. Du Maurier was there also, and after dinner we had songs and sentiments. Jimmie proposed the landlord's health - he felt flattered, but we were in fits of laughter." ' "

"Longshoreman" was printed in comparatively large numbers, considering that it was not published. Over forty impressions have been recorded. Impressions of the first and second states were printed in black ink on ivory 'antique' (pre-1800) laid paper. Most impressions of the third state were printed in black ink, on a variety of papers including buff; grey wove; and cream 'modern' (post-1800) laid; off-white laid; cream laid paper taken from a book. Quite a large proportion are on Asian papers, mostly cream Japanese and ivory Japan. Some of these impressions may have been printed and sold in the 1870s.

The final state was usually printed in black ink, again on a variety of papers. Some of these were probably printed in the 1890s or after Whistler's death, possibly for the New York print dealer Frederick Keppel (1845-1912).

Cited from: Margaret F. MacDonald, Grischka Petri, Meg Hausberg, and Joanna Meacock, James McNeill Whistler: The Etchings, a catalogue raisonné, University of Glasgow, 2012, on-line website at http://etchings.arts.gla.ac.uk.