Circle Image No. 25 by Louis Schanker

Circle Image No. 25 by Louis Schanker

Circle Image No. 25

Louis Schanker

Title

Circle Image No. 25

 
Artist

Louis Schanker

  1903 - 1981 (biography)
Year
1951 -52 
Technique
color plaster relief print 
Image Size
14 x 17 7/8" image 
Signature
lower right pencil 
Edition Size
189 of 200  
Annotations
 
Reference
Brooklyn Museum 121 (Illus. in color on cover); IGAS, Feb. 1952, Series 1 
Paper
white Japanese hosho 
State
published 
Publisher
International Graphic Arts Society 
Inventory ID
10713 
Price
$1,600.00 
Description

Louis Schanker, who had honed his printmaking skills working and teaching block printing in the FAP/WPA, began working on a series of relief images using circles in the late 1940s (Hayter illustrates an example in "About Prints", page 22). Here is an example of an earlier color woodcut by Schanker.

Bold, energetic strokes and color are hallmarks of Schanker's art, a style that took well to the relief print process. Hayter and Schanker taught together at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan after Stanley William Hayter's arrival in the States, and Hayter invited Schanker to teach the color woodcut medium at the Atelier in 1945.

Stanley William Hayter urged the artists in his workshop Atelier 17 in New York to experiment with printmaking techniques, and many used unconventional means to create their images. In the late 1930s in Paris the printmakers at Atelier 17 had been experimenting with casting inked intaglio plates with plaster, creating a sculptural, three dimensional impression that could also be carved to create a kind of "hybrid".

Done by building a box and pouring plaster into it and then sculpting the surface as it dried, the surface of the matrix could then be inked and printed by hand, using the artist's hand, small barins, spoons, etc. to print the image. The method of using the medium of plaster of Paris was explained by curator as a 'plaster print'. She stated:

"In the same decade (the 1950s) the artist made a number of important innovations in what he termed the plaster relief print. In executing these prints he often used the woodblock to created a three-dimensional effect." The plaster printing method usually was done with intaglio plates.

Circle Image 25 is an example of this method. The inked block was cast in plaster and, as the plaster continued to set, Schanker carved away areas and lines to create a three dimensional relief. The red, blue and purple colors were added by using woodcut.