Joseph Morris Raphael Biography

Joseph Morris Raphael

American

1869-1950

Biography

Joseph Raphael, painter and printmaker, was born in the small mining town of Jackson, California. He studied under Arthur Mathews and Doughlas Tilden at the California School of Design, San Francisco and in 1902 he left for Paris where he continued his studies at L'ƒcole des Beaux-Arts and with Jean-Paul Laurens at the AcadŽmie Julian. Raphael participated in the Paris Salons between 1902 and 1906. He divided his time between France, Holland and Belgium for the next four decades with only a brief visit to San Francisco after the turn of the century.

With Europe in turmoil and World War II approaching, he returned to California in 1939, relocating in San Francisco. Having had assimilated the mechanics of French Impressionism, Raphael championed American Impressionism. Thoughout his career, he exhibited internationally and participated in numerous exhibitions in California. He exhibited in group exhibitions at the San Francisco Art Association, the California Society of Etchers, the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915 (winning a silver medal for his paintings), the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego, the Oakland Art Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art Inaugural and the Golden Gate International Exposition. Known primarily as a painter, Raphael was equally facile in printmaking and he created a number of color woodcuts of the San Francisco, Sausalito and other Bay Area locations. His work is represented in the collections of the Achenbach Foundation for the Graphic Arts, Los Angeles Museum of Art, the Oakland Museum, Mills College, San Diego Museum, de Young Memorial Museum, Stanford University Museum.