Richard Muller Biography

Richard Muller

German

1874-1954

Biography

Richard Müller, painter, illustrator, and educator, was born in the Bohemian city of Tschirnitz. In 1888 he began to study and work at the Royal Saxon Porcelain Manufactory in Meissen, just outside of Dresden. Two years later Müller went to Dresden where he was accepted at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts.

In 1895, he met Max Klinger who introduced him to the art of etching and Müller developed a meticulous technique and symbolist style. In 1900, he was awarded a gold medal at the Paris Exposition and that same year he was appointed to a Professorship at the Dresden Academy where he wielded immense influence on the generation of artists who succeeded the Expressionists. He was the leading light of the Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity) movement. Amongst his pupils were Otto Dix and Georg Grosz.

In 1933, he became President of the Dresden Academy but in 1935, under the Nazi regime, he was forced out of this position. His popularity waned as a result but there is a new awareness of his work and reputation as an important influence in the first half of the 20th Century. Müller's etchings are again highly collectable. He died in Dresden in 1954.