Robert Morris Biography

Robert Morris




American sculptor, painter and writer on art Robert Morris, was born in Kansas City, Missouri on February 9, 1931. Morris tudied engineering at the University of Kansas City and art at the Kansas City Art Institute 1948-50, the California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco 1951 and Reed College, Oregon 1953-5. He returned to San Francisco and worked in improvisatory theatre, film and (until 1959) painting and had his first one-man exhibition of paintings at the Dilexi Gallery, San Francisco, in 1957.

Morris moved to New York City in 1961 and began to make sculpture while studying art history at Hunter College, New York 1962-3, writing a dissertation on Brancusi. His early sculptures were mainly Neo-Dada, small-scale lead reliefs and mixed media works concerned with process, information and paradox, followed by completely abstract, geometric Mijnimal sculptures in painted plywood and later in fibreglass or metal. He published a series of articles on sculpture in Artforum from 1966. In 1967 he began to make soft hanging sculptures in felt and from 1968 to produce process works by the lateral spreading, scattering or stacking of different materials. His later work includes a number of projects for large-scale monuments and earthworks. Organised the Peripatetic Artists Guild in 1969, announcing his availability to carry out commissions anywhere in the world. Lives in New York.